New Jersey ist ein vergleichsweise kleiner US-Bundesstaat. Das hat es mit seinem Namensgeber gemein. Auf der britischen Kanalinsel Jersey liegt der. New Jersey wurde nach der Kanalinsel Jersey benannt. Der Bundesstaat hat den Beinamen The Garden State (Der Gartenstaat) und gehört zu den. Der Bundesstaat hat den Beinamen The Garden State (dt. Gartenstaat). Die Einwohner von New Jersey werden umgangssprachlich häufig „New Jerseyans“ oder.
New Jersey – Das verborgene UrlaubsjuwelNew Jersey der viertkleinste Bundesstaat der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika, zugleich aber derjenige mit der größten Bevölkerungsdichte. Der Bundesstaat New Jersey verfügt über ein gut ausgebautes Netz an Interstate-Highways, welche den Bundesstaat mit anderen US-Bundesstaaten verbinden. New Jersey trägt nicht umsonst den Beinamen „Garden State“: Im Bundesstaat zwischen New York City und Philadelphia leben zahllose.
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Bundesstaat New Jersey - US-Bundesstaat New Jersey: Geschichte, Politik, Bevölkerung und GeografieIhr östlich vorgelagert befinden Hokki die Blue Ridge Mountains.
Bundesstaat New Jersey erneut Bundesstaat New Jersey werden. - Wissenswerte FaktenSie gilt als eine der besten ihrer Art und war die erste Universität der Welt, die ihre Studenten dazu verpflichtete, einen Hummer Bestellen Lebend zu besitzen und dies zur Zulassungsbeschränkung machte. Retrieved April 8, Most Panel installations across the country were replaced by modern systems during the s and the last Panel switch was decommissioned in the BIgelow central office in Newark in Inthere were workers at the Magic Red Bonus Code, which at that time shipped 7. Accessed October 6, Accessed February 15,
District Court for the District of New Jersey sits in the city as well. Newark is divided into five political wards East, West, South, North and Central and contains neighborhoods ranging in character from bustling urban districts to quiet suburban enclaves.
It was conceived as a theocratic assembly of the faithful, though this did not last for long as new settlers came with different ideas.
Newark was granted a Royal charter on April 27, It was incorporated on February 21, by the New Jersey Legislature 's Township Act of , as one of New Jersey's initial group of townships.
Newark was reincorporated as a city on April 11, , replacing Newark Township, based on the results of a referendum passed on March 18, The previously independent Vailsburg borough was annexed by Newark on January 1, In , South Orange Township changed its name to Maplewood.
The name of the city is thought to derive from Newark-on-Trent , England, because of the influence of the original pastor, Abraham Pierson , who came from Yorkshire but may have ministered in Newark, Nottinghamshire.
Whatever the origins, the name was shortened to Newark, although references to the name "New Ark" are found in preserved letters written by historical figures such as David Ogden in his claim for compensation, and James McHenry , as late as During the American Revolutionary War , British troops made several raids into the town.
The city has experienced revitalization since the s. According to the United States Census Bureau , the city had a total area of Historically, Newark's high places have been its wealthier neighborhoods.
In the 19th century and early 20th century, the wealthy congregated on the ridges of Forest Hill, High Street, and Weequahic. Until the 20th century, the marshes on Newark Bay were difficult to develop, as the marshes were essentially wilderness, with a few dumps, warehouses, and cemeteries on their edges.
Newark is surrounded by residential suburbs to the west on the slope of the Watchung Mountains , the Passaic River and Newark Bay to the east, dense urban areas to the south and southwest, and middle-class residential suburbs and industrial areas to the north.
The city is the largest in New Jersey's Gateway Region , which is said to have received its name from Newark's nickname as the "Gateway City". Newark is New Jersey's largest and second-most racially diverse city after neighboring Jersey City.
It is divided into five political wards ,  which are often used by residents to identify their place of habitation. In recent years, residents have begun to identify with specific neighborhood names instead of the larger ward appellations.
Nevertheless, the wards remain relatively distinct. Industrial uses, coupled with the airport and seaport lands, are concentrated in the East and South wards, while residential neighborhoods exist primarily in the North, Central, and West Wards.
Ward boundaries are redrawn, as needed, by a board of ward commissioners consisting of two Democrats and two Republicans appointed at the county level and the municipal clerk.
The boundaries of the wards are altered for various political and demographic reasons and sometimes gerrymandered , especially the northeastern portion of the West Ward.
Of these neighborhood designations only University Heights, a more recent designation for the area that was the subject of the novel Howard Street by Nathan Heard , is still in common usage.
The Central Ward extends at one point as far north as 2nd Avenue. In the 19th century, the Central Ward was inhabited by Germans and other white Catholic and Christian groups.
The German inhabitants were later replaced by Jews , who were then replaced by Blacks and African Americans. The increased academic footprint in the University Heights neighborhood has produced gentrification , with landmark buildings undergoing renovation.
The Central Ward forms the present-day heart of Newark, and includes 26 public schools, two police precincts, including headquarters, four firehouses, and one branch library.
A row of residential towers with security guards and secure parking line Mt. Prospect Avenue in the Forest Hill neighborhood. The North Ward has lost geographic area in recent times; its southern boundary is now significantly further north than the traditional boundary near Interstate Lucy's Church ; demographics have transitioned to Latino in recent decades, though the ward as a whole remains ethnically diverse.
It is home to the historic Fairmount Cemetery. The South Ward, once home to residents of predominantly Jewish descent, now has ethnic neighborhoods made up primarily of African Americans and Hispanics.
The city's second-largest hospital, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center , can be found in the South Ward, as can 17 public schools, five daycare centers, three branch libraries, one police precinct, a mini precinct, and three fire houses.
The East Ward consists of much of Newark's Downtown commercial district, as well as the Ironbound neighborhood, where much of Newark's industry was in the 19th century.
Today, due to the enterprise of its immigrant population, the Ironbound also known as "Down Neck" and "The Neck"  is a destination for shopping, dining, and nightlife.
The ward is largely composed of densely packed but well maintained housing and streets, primarily large apartment buildings and rowhouses. The January daily mean is The average seasonal snowfall is The July daily mean is Precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year with the summer months being the wettest and fall months being the driest.
The city receives precipitation ranging from 2. Newark had a U. Census Bureau estimated population of , in ,  making it the 73rd-most populous municipality in the United States,  after being ranked 67th in and 63rd in Census marked the second census in 70 years in which the city's population had grown from the previous enumeration.
White flight from Newark to the suburbs started in the s and accelerated in the s, due in part to the construction of the Interstate Highway System.
At the estimates there were , housing units and , households. The average household size was 2. At the Census, there were 91, households, and 62, families in Newark.
There were , housing units at an average density of 4, The population density was 11, The city's unemployment rate was 8. Newark is the second-most racially diverse city in New Jersey after Jersey City.
From the s to , Newark's non-Hispanic white population shrank from , to ,; its black population grew from 70, to , At the American Community Survey 's estimates, non-Hispanic whites made up 8.
Black or African Americans were Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up In , The racial makeup of the city in was In advance of the United States Census , city officials made a push to get residents to respond and participate in the enumeration, citing calculations by city officials that as many as 30, people were not reflected in estimates from the U.
Census Bureau , which resulted in the loss of government aid and political representation. Many households refused to participate in the census, with immigrants often reluctant to submit census forms because they believed that the information could be used to justify their deportation.
The largest religious community in Newark are Christians , owing in part to European colonialism and missionary work. The largest Christian group in Newark is the Catholic Church The city's Catholic population are divided into Latin and Eastern Catholics.
Its episcopal see is the Cathedral Basilica of the Sacred Heart. Following, 2. Judaism and Islam were tied as the second largest religious community 3.
Up to , Jewish Americans formed a substantial portion of the middle class. As of , Orthodox , Conservative , and Reform Judaism were the most prevalent denominations affiliated with in Newark and suburban communities.
Sunni , Shia , and Ahmadiyya Muslims are the largest Islamic denominational demographic, though some Muslims in the area may be Quranists.
A little over 1. There are at least 10 Hindu temples in Newark's surrounding area. There is one Wiccan group in the city.
Followers of afrodiasporic religions live in the city and surrounding area, primarily practicing Haitian Vodou or Santeria.
More than , people commute to Newark each workday,  making it the state's largest employment center with many white-collar jobs in insurance, finance, import-export, healthcare , and government.
The city is also a college town , with nearly 50, students attending the city's universities and medical and law schools. East Coast in terms of volume.
Though Newark is not the industrial colossus of the past, the city does have a considerable amount of industry and light manufacturing.
Grain comes into the facility by rail. In addition, transportation has become a large business in Newark, accounting for more than 17, jobs in After the election of Cory Booker as mayor, millions of dollars of public-private partnership investment were made in Downtown development, but persistent underemployment continue to characterize many of the city's neighborhoods.
As of , roughly one-third of the city's population was impoverished. Portions of Newark are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. The city was selected in as one of the initial group of 10 zones chosen to participate in the program.
The UEZ program in Newark and four other original UEZ cities had been allowed to lapse as of January 1, , after Governor Chris Christie , who called the program an "abject failure", vetoed a compromise bill that would have extended the status for two years.
On Newark Bay , it is run by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and serves as the principal container ship facility for goods entering and leaving the New York metropolitan area and the northeastern quadrant of North America.
It is rumored to have as much stained glass as the Cathedral of Chartres. The New Jersey Performing Arts Center , near Military Park , opened in , is the home of the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra and the New Jersey State Opera , The center's programs of national and international music, dance, and theater make it the nation's sixth-largest performing arts center, attracting over , visitors each year.
The Newark Boys Chorus , founded in , performs regularly in the city. The African Globe Theater Works presents a new works seasonally.
The biennial Geraldine R. Dodge Poetry Festival took place in Newark for the first time in Venues at the universities in the city are also used to present professional and semi-professional theater, dance, and music.
The Rolling Stones broadcast their last show on their 50th anniversary tour live on pay-per-view from the arena on December 15, Bon Jovi performed a series of ten concerts to mark the venue's opening.
In the house music and garage house genres and scene, Newark is known as an innovator. Newark's Club Zanzibar , along with other gay and straight clubs in the s and 80s, was famous as both a gay and straight nightlife destination.
Famed DJ Tony Humphries helped "spawn the sometimes raw but always soulful, gospel-infused subgenre" of house music known as the "Jersey sound.
House music producer, DJ and writer Junior Sanchez started making house music in his teens growing up in the Ironbound district. Brick City club , a dance-oriented electronic music genre, is native to the city.
Its art collection is ranked 12 among art museums in North America with highlights on American and Tibetan art.
The museum co-sponsors the Newark Black Film Festival , which has premiered numerous films since its founding in The Newark Public Library has eight locations.
Since , Newark has been home to the Institute of Jazz Studies , the world's foremost jazz archives and research libraries.
The museum is housed at Ahavas Sholom, the last continually operating synagogue in Newark. The Grammy Museum Experience is an interactive, experiential museum devoted to the history and winners of the Grammy Awards which opened at the Prudential Center on October 20, Since , the Newark Planning Office, in collaboration with local arts organizations, has sponsored Newark Murals , and seen the creation of dozens of outdoor murals about significant people, places, and events in the city.
The Portraits mural, a massive multi-artist painting the length of 25 football fields created in , is the longest continuous mural on the East Coast, and the second longest in the country.
Lucy's Church , a historically Italian parish in what was Newark's Little Italy , features an annual October procession and festival for St. Gerard Majella.
Newark is within the metro New York media market. The newspaper sold its headquarters in July , with the offices of the publisher, the editorial board, columnists, and magazine relocating to the Gateway Center.
Pioneer radio station WOR was started by Bamberger Broadcasting Service in and broadcast from studios at its retailer's downtown department store.
Today the building serves telecom, colocation , and computer support industries. It moved to New York City in the s. The Panel system was the Bell System solution to the big city problem, where an exchange had to serve large numbers of subscribers on both manual as well as automatically switched central offices, without negatively impacting established user convenience and reliability.
As originally introduced in these exchanges, subscribers' telephones had no dials and customers continued to make calls by asking an operator to ring their called party, at which point the operator keyed the telephone number into the panel equipment, instead of making cord connections manually.
Most Panel installations across the country were replaced by modern systems during the s and the last Panel switch was decommissioned in the BIgelow central office in Newark in Tempo Networks , producing for the pan-Caribbean television market, is based in the city.
Numerous movies, television programs, and music videos have been shot in Newark, its period architecture and its streetscape seen as an ideal "urban setting".
There have been several film and TV productions depicting life in Newark. Life of Crime was originally produced in and was followed by a sequel.
In , the Sundance Channel aired Brick City , a five-part television documentary about Newark, focusing on the community's attempt to become a better and safer place to live, against a history of nearly a half century of violence, poverty and official corruption.
The second season premiered January 30, As the second largest city in the New York metropolitan area Newark is part of the regional professional sports and media markets.
The stadium opened in July as the home of the Newark Bears , who played in the stadium until the team folded in Media Day, the first event leading up to the game, took place on January 28 at the Prudential Center.
Barao , took place on February 1 at the Prudential Center. The city is governed within the Faulkner Act , formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council Plan C form of local government, which became effective as of July 1, , after the voters of the city of Newark passed a referendum held on November 3, The mayor is directly elected by the residents of Newark.
The city council is comprised of nine members, with one council member from each of the city's five wards and four council members who are elected on an at-large basis.
Senator from New Jersey. He was selected unanimously at a council meeting to replace the previously elected Booker, who resigned and was sworn in on October 31, after winning the October 16 special election for U.
Senator to replace the seat held by Frank Lautenberg until his death. McCallum Jr. North Ward , all serving concurrent terms of office ending June 30, Newark is split between the 8th and 10th Congressional Districts  and is part of New Jersey's 28th and 29th state legislative districts.
D , Newark. Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive , with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders.
DiVincenzo Jr. D , Roseland. Johnson D, at large; Newark ,  Lebby C. Jones D, at large; Irvington ,  Leonard M.
Stephens II D, On the national level, Newark leans strongly toward the Democratic Party. As of March 23, , out of a Census population of , in Newark, there were , registered voters In the presidential election , Democrat John Kerry received Bush , who received In the gubernatorial election , Democrat Barbara Buono received Newark has been marred with political corruption throughout the years.
Five of the previous [ when? As reported by Newsweek : " Addonizio was mayor of Newark from to In December , Addonizio and nine present or former officials of the municipal administration in Newark were indicted by a Federal grand jury; five other persons were also indicted.
His successor was Kenneth Gibson, the city's first African American mayor, elected in He pleaded guilty to federal tax evasion in as part of a plea agreement on fraud and bribery charges.
During his tenure as mayor in , Gibson was tried and acquitted of giving out no-show jobs by an Essex County jury.
Sharpe James, who defeated Gibson in and declined to run for a sixth term in , was indicted on 33 counts of conspiracy , mail fraud , and wire fraud by a federal grand jury sitting in Newark.
James pleaded not guilty on 25 counts at his initial court appearance on July 12, On April 17, , James was found guilty for his role in the conspiring to rig land sales at nine city-owned properties for personal gain.
The former mayor was sentenced to serve up to 27 months in prison, and was released on April 6, , for good behavior.
Kean University is located in adjacent Union, New Jersey. It is home to venues including:. In a town that was once nearly abandoned, there are now over 60 restaurants, bars, coffee houses, two breweries, a coffee roastery, and live music venues situated in Asbury Park's boardwalk and downtown districts.
Noted muralists and other local artists have installed various murals along the Asbury Park boardwalk and the cityscape in recent years.
The Wooden Walls Mural Project began in July of that year and reimagined the Sunset Pavilion building with around a dozen new murals.
Every winter, when the surf grows colder and rougher than in the summer, the city is home to the Cold War, an annual cold water surfing battle.
Asbury Park is the nominal home to Asbury Park F. Despite never playing games the club has an extensive merchandise line available online, including new and retro replica jerseys.
Parks include: . The city was previously governed under the Municipal Manager Law form of New Jersey municipal government until voters approved the Council-Manager form in The form of government was chosen based on the final report issued in August by a Charter Study Commission that had narrowed its options to the weak Mayor Council-Manager form or the strong Mayor Faulkner Act form, ultimately choosing to recommend the Council-Manager form as it would retain desired aspects of the Municipal Manager Law non-partisan voting for an at-large council with a professional manager while allowing a directly elected mayor, elections in November and grants voters the right to use initiative and referendum.
Thereafter, two council seats will be up for election every two years. In May , the City Council appointed Eileen Chapman to fill the vacant council seat expiring in December that had been held by Joe Woerner until he resigned from office.
Myra Campbell, the last mayor under the old form of government, was the first African-American woman to be chosen as mayor when she took office in July The Asbury Park Fire Department is a full service professional organization with highly trained personnel that provide a wide variety of services to meet the needs of the city's residents and visitors.
Specialty teams allow the Asbury Park Fire Department to deal with chemical spills, provide technical rescues to individuals trapped in water, trenches, confined spaces, or collapsed buildings.
The extensive training and expertise of our members result in the fire department providing quality and cost-efficient services to our community.
Beyond providing emergency services, the Asbury Park Fire Department works to prevent future fires and accidents. Department responsibilities range from fire code enforcement, arson investigations, and fire prevention activities to fire and life safety education programs for children, families, and seniors.
Asbury Park is located in the 6th Congressional district  and is part of New Jersey's 11th state legislative district.
Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election.
At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director.
Kiley R, Hazlet Township , term as freeholder ends December 31, ; term as deputy freeholder director ends ,  Lillian G. Impreveduto R, Holmdel Township , .
Peters R, ; Middletown Township. There were 8 voters registered to other parties. In the presidential election , Democrat Barack Obama received Bush with In the gubernatorial election , Democrat Barbara Buono received The Asbury Park Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade.
As of the —18 school year, the district, comprised of five schools, had an enrollment of 2, students and Martin Luther King Jr.
Students currently attending the school would be reallocated to the district's two other elementary schools, with those going into fifth grade assigned to attend middle school.
In , Asbury Park's Board of Education was affected by the city's decision to redevelop waterfront property with eminent domain.
In the case Asbury Park Board of Education v. In February , the offices of the Asbury Park Board of Education were raided by investigators from the State Attorney General's office, prompted by allegations of corruption and misuse of funds.
Per-student expenditures in Asbury Park have generated statewide controversy for several years. The Hope Academy Charter School, founded in , is an alternative public school choice that serves students in kindergarten through eighth grade.
Admission is based on a lottery of submitted applications, with priority given to Asbury Park residents and siblings of existing students.
While 8 of the 17 murders in Monmouth County in took place in Asbury Park, and 7 of the county's 14 murders in , by there was only one murder in Asbury Park and five in the whole county.
The city's police had added 19 officers since and expanded its street crime unit. In the calendar year through August 26, , Asbury Park has had 6 homicides; there have also been 17 people non-fatally injured in shooting incidents.
In February , "Operation Dead End" arrested gang members of the Crips and Bloods ; one Asbury Park patrol officer was arrested for aiding gang members.
On June 16, , Asbury Park police officers arrested a Neptune Township off-duty police officer for the murder of his ex-wife on an Asbury Park street in broad daylight.
As of [update] , the Asbury Park Police Department has 88 police employees: 74 men, 10 women, and 4 civilian.
In , there were nine new cases and , eight. In , Asbury Park reported 6 cases of syphilis, 59 cases of gonorrhea, and cases of chlamydia.
The main access road is Route 71 which runs north—south. Other roads that are accessible in neighboring communities include Route 18 , Route 33 , Route 35 and Route The Garden State Parkway is at least 15 minutes away via either Routes 33 or NJ Transit offers rail service from the Asbury Park station.
NJ Transit bus routes include the to and from Philadelphia , and local service on the , , and routes. In August , a multi-station bike share program opened in cooperation with Zagster.
With six stations in the city, the program is the first of its kind on the Jersey Shore. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Asbury Park has a humid subtropical climate Cfa.
Since , the highest air temperature was July is the peak in thunderstorm activity and the average wettest month is August.
Since , the wettest calendar day was 5. During the winter months, the average annual extreme minimum air temperature is 3.
According to the A. Kuchler U. Palace Amusements and the Tillie mural have featured in numerous works of popular culture.
Additional works reference Asbury Park, specifically. The song "Bear's Vision of St. Agnes" mentions "that tattered rag shop back in Asbury Park", and the song "Fox's Dream of the Log Flume" mentions the pier and sand dunes.
Asbury Park was used for the location filming of the crime drama City by the Sea , starring Robert De Niro , James Franco and Frances McDormand , which was nominally set in Long Beach, New York , where no filming actually took place, according to a disclaimer that was included as part of the closing credits.
Residents of both places objected to the way their cities were depicted. The Season 2 finale of The Sopranos , " Funhouse ", originally aired in April , includes several discrete dream sequences dreamed by Tony that take place on the Asbury Park Boardwalk, including Madame Marie's as well as Tony and Pauly playing cards at a table in the empty hall of the Convention Center.
The episode's title alludes to the Palace, which is also shown. In a episode of The Honeymooners "Better Living Though TV" , Alice Kramden ridicules husband Ralph Kramden 's seemingly never-ending parade of failed get-rich-quick schemes, including his investment in "the uranium field in Asbury Park".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Asbury Park disambiguation. City in New Jersey. The Dark City  .
Interactive map of Asbury Park, New Jersey. January 7, Retrieved May 1, Accessed July 1, Accessed September 4, Accessed March 17, Accessed April 20, Accessed February 1, Accessed October 13, Cindy A.
Dye, who left her job as clerk for North Hanover, began her new job on May 1 and said she is 'glad and excited' to be in the city. Geographic Names Information System.
United States Geological Survey. Retrieved March 4, Accessed February 9, Accessed May 21, Accessed December 11, Accessed August 31, Accessed August 23, Accessed September 17, Census website , United States Census Bureau.
Accessed May 20, Accessed July 18, United States Government Printing Office , Accessed August 27, Accessed Archived from the original on September 29, Retrieved August 18, Accessed August 17, Images of America: Asbury Park.
Accessed August 4, The Great American Baseball Scrapbook , p. Random House. Accessed June 18, It was also the home town of then hair stylist Danny DeVito yes, there is a photo of the famed actor in his family's shop!
Rutgers University Press , Accessed January 23, Accessed November 10, This year the Casino walkway connecting Asbury Park's boardwalk with neighboring Ocean Grove was reopened.
Accessed June 15, Accessed June 2, Accessed May 22, Accessed November 15, Accessed July 8, Abgerufen am Presidential Elections. November August , abgerufen am August amerikanisches Englisch.
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Gouverneur :. Philip D. Murphy D. Karte von New Jersey.